MySQL Upgrade from 5.6 to 5.7While doing some testing (that I published later here) on the still-in-development MySQL 5.7 I wanted to do some analysis on the configuration to see if the changes in performance were due to the code changes or just to the new MySQL defaults (something that is very common in the migration from 5.5 to 5.6 due to the default transaction log size and other InnoDB parameters). This is a quick post aiming to identify the global variables changed between these two versions.

You could tell me that you could just read the release notes, but my experience (and this is not an exception, as you will see) tells me to check these changes by myself.

I do not include changes in the performance_schema tables, as I was running these particular tests with performance_schema = OFF. I also do not include “administrative changes”, my name for variables that do not influence the behaviour or performance of mysql, like server_uuid which will be unique for different instances and version and innodb_version, which obviously have been changed from 5.6.20 to 5.7.4-m14. Please note that some changes have also been back-ported to 5.6, so not being shown here, or were already available in previous releases of 5.7.

Variables that have changed its value

variable name5.6.20 value5.7.4 value
eq_range_index_dive_limit10200
log_warnings12
performance_schema_max_statement_classes168189

New variables

variable name5.7.4 value
default_authentication_pluginmysql_native_password
default_password_lifetime360
have_statement_timeoutYES
innodb_buffer_pool_dump_pct100
innodb_log_write_ahead_size8192
innodb_page_cleaners1
innodb_temp_data_file_pathibtmp1:12M:autoextend
log_error_verbosity3
log_timestampsUTC
max_statement_time0
performance_schema_events_transactions_history_long_size-1
performance_schema_events_transactions_history_size-1
performance_schema_max_memory_classes250
performance_schema_max_metadata_locks-1
performance_schema_max_prepared_statements_instances-1
performance_schema_max_program_instances5000
performance_schema_max_statement_stack10
rbr_exec_modeSTRICT
session_track_schemaON
session_track_state_changeOFF
session_track_system_variablestime_zone,autocommit,
character_set_client,
character_set_results,
character_set_connection
slave_parallel_typeDATABASE

Deprecated variables

variable name5.6.20 value
binlogging_impossible_modeIGNORE_ERROR
innodb_additional_mem_pool_size8388608
innodb_use_sys_mallocON
thread_concurrency10

Some comments:

  • Regarding potential incompatibilities, all deprecated variables but one were literally useless, and I did not find them setup usually except for innodb_additional_mem_pool_size, which was, in my experience, always configured by mistake, as it had absolutely no effect in recent versions of InnoDB. The exception is binlogging_impossible_mode, which had been added in 5.6.20 and probably not merged in time for this 5.7 milestone. It will probably be added in the future with equivalent functionality. An interesting feature, I would add.
  • eq_range_index_dive_limit changed from 10 to 200 is a very reasonable change, made after a Facebook suggestion. This variable was added in MySQL 5.6, and while it solved the problem of getting more reliable statistics for IN expressions with multiple values, Facebook was completely right that IN clauses have commonly more than 10 items (as it is a feature that many developers/frameworks like).
  • max_statement_timeout and have_statement_timeout comes from the merge or reimplementation of the Twitter Statement Timeout functionality. Nice change to see upstream.
  • default_authentication_plugin is not a new feature, it just has been moved from a server parameter to a full global variable that can be inspected (but not changed) at runtime. The real change here is default_password_lifetime, which was really missing on the 5.6 release- automatic password expiration (without having to do manually PASSWORD EXPIRE). What I find amusing is the default value: 360 (passwords expire approximately once a year). I am not saying that that is a right or wrong default, but I predict a lot of controversy/confusion over that. There is more to talk about about authentication changes, but I will not expand it here, as it does not concern configuration variables.
  • By changing the slave_parallel_type to LOGICAL_CLOCK, mysql allows for more fine-grained parallel replication, much better than the limited 5.6 option (only useful in multi-tenant setups)
  • Some interesting additions to InnoDB, too, like the innodb_page_cleaners variable, allowing multiple threads for flushing pages from the buffer pool in parallel, and which was the subject of a recent discussion about a certain benchmark. Also we have additions like some extra flexibility regarding the transaction log caching configuration and the location of temporary tables in InnoDB format, but I consider those lesser changes to go over them in detail.
  • log_warnings has changed and it has not been documented. But to be honest, its functionality is being deprecated for log_error_verbosity, a newly introduced variable that makes by default all errors, warnings and notes to be logged by default. I have submitted bug #73745 (now fixed) about this.
  • A new variable, rbr_exec_mode, seems to have been added in 5.7.1, but it is not documented anywhere in the server variables section or on the release notes, only on that developer’s blog. It allows setting at session level an IDEMPOTENT mode when replicating events in row format, ignoring all conflicts found. I’ve created a bug #73744 for this issue (now fixed).
  • There has been several performance_schema changes; I will not go over each of them here. Please note that performance_schema_max_statement_classes is not a real change, as that is calculated at startup time, it does not have a fixed value.
  • Session tracking variables were added for notification of session changes when using the C connector

In summary, some interesting changes, only one default change that may alter the performance (eq_range_index_dive_limit), and nothing that will create problems for a migration, with only two own-predicted exceptions:

Instances of the (useless for a long time, as mentioned above) variable innodb_additional_mem_pool_size failing with:

, which just should be deleted from the configuration file.

And the expiration time set by default to 1 year, that may create lots of:

or even create some difficult-to-debug problems in older drivers, as we had experienced with this functionality in 5.6. I would like in particular your opinion about software defaults for password expiration, as I do not consider myself a security expert. As usual, you can comment here or on Twitter.

EDIT: Morgan Tocker, from Oracle, has commented via twitter that “innodb_additional_mem_pool_size had been useless for a long time (since the plugin), and that the reason for the change now is the additional problems of parsing but ignoring options“. I am not complaining about those changes, I actually think that they should have been done long time ago to prevent those very errors, I am just putting here a solution for what I think can be frequent mistakes on migration. Incompatibility is sometimes the way to go.

Changes in Configuration of Global Variables between MySQL 5.6.20 and MySQL 5.7.4 “Milestone 14”
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